Latvia University of Agriculture, Latvia
Title: Storm water treatment in a subsurface constructed wetland in a farmyard in Latvia
Biography: Linda Grinberga
The water treatment system examined in this study consists of a sedimentation pond as a pre-treatment plant, a water pump and a horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland with the surface area of 160 m2. This treatment system was installed at the farm Mezaciruli, Zalenieki County, Jelgava region, in the middle part of Latvia, in August 2014 to improve storm water quality collected from the farmyard and demonstrate applicability of constructed wetland as a suitable treatment option for contaminated surface runoff. During the observation period of 32 months (2014-2017) water quality parameters such as total suspended solids (TSS), nitrate - nitrogen (NO3-N), ammonium - nitrogen (NH4-N), total nitrogen (TN), orthophosphate - phosphorus (PO4-P), and total phosphorus (TP) were monitored and nutrient removal efficiency of the system was calculated. Nutrient concentrations in water samples collected at the inlet and outlet were compared. The monitoring results obtained during this study showed that on average concentrations of TN and TP were reduced by 34% and 82%, respectively. Overall, the subsurface flow constructed wetland displayed a steady decrease for all measured water quality parameters when average monthly nutrient retention values were compared. However, in some cases, an increase in the amount of nutrients leaving the constructed wetland was observed. The wetland retained suspended solids on average by 59% and similarity as for nutrients showed occasional increase in concentration during the non-vegetation period (October to March). This study illustrated that subsurface flow constructed wetland has a potential to reduce nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in storm water.